Seasonal Note No.1


FINGAL NORTH DUBLIN BEEKEEPERS ASSOCIATION

SEASONAL NOTE No.1                 Autumn (August / September / October)

Theme: Preparation for Winter

DISEASE TESTING
Adult Diseases.
- A good time to check for acarine and nosema
- Taking a sample of bees
Varroa:
- See FIBKA Varroa Policy (Seasonal Note No.4)

UNITING COLONIES
- Weak or queenless colony
Disease free / only one queen
Newspaper method successful

REQUEENING
- High success rate at this time of year
Introduction via cage normally satisfactory

EXTRACTION OF HONEY CROP
- Clear bees and remove supers
- Ensure colony is not short of stores. Immediate feeding may be necessary
- Extract honey as soon as possible
- If returning wet supers, do so in late evening, robbing?

WINTER FEEDING
- Take precautions against robbing
- Strength. 4kg sugar made up to 5 litres with water
- Commercial hive 18kg (401b) / National hive 14kg (301b)

VENTILATION
- Ensure ventilation compatible with colony strength

HIVE CONDITION
- Watertight
- Roof secure (stone on top)
Mouse guard


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Taking a Sample of bees

· Testing for adult bee diseases: - nosema, acarine

· Collect sample of old bees at:
- landing board
- outside frames of brood box
· 30 bees in a match box
- a window in the match box helps
to confirm the size of the sample

Send samples to:
- Bee Disease Diagnostic Service
Dr Mary F Coffey
Teagasc Oak Park Research Centre, Carlow.
enclose €5 per sample, label sample with your colony number


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Precautions Against Robbing

Robbing is much easier to prevent than STOP once it has started.

o No spilling of syrup or exposing honey combs

o Reduce size of entrances

o Feed at late evening (including 'wet' supers) / all hives together

o All equipment must be bee tight

o Keep colonies open for the minimum time during manipulations

o Keep strong colonies (give nucs particular attention)

o Keep colonies disease free

o See John McMullans Book ‘Having Healthy Honeybees’






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